All types of wine contain alcohol. For compliments only, beer has 4.5 ABV, while wine has 11.6, possibly more, depending on the wine itself. All pregnant women want to know if it is safe to drink wine during pregnancy. You may like a glass of this beverage before going to bed or you like having occasional dinners with friends, where wine is common.
Sadly, there is no simple answer to this question. You have come across dozens of facts, answers, and tips on the web or obtained them from your friends who were pregnant. Now, we will give you the real answer, the one you can actually use.
Alcohol during pregnancy
Just because wine is treated as a luxury beverage, it doesn’t mean it doesn’t contain alcohol. We already mentioned that it has more alcohol than beer. In general, alcohol abuse during pregnancy must be avoided. Women who drink plenty of alcohol drinks during their pregnancy may develop severe issues!
Fetal alcohol syndrome is the most common issue here. In simple words, alcohol from the blood of a mother will penetrate placenta and reach the baby! There, it can cause poor mind development or cause a series of defects. In severe cases, alcohol can cause retardation!
Light wine drinking
According to several types of research, conducted in Sweden, the United States and the United Kingdom found that light wine drinking is actually beneficial. BMJ (1) Open study revealed that mothers who drank wine during pregnancy give birth to babies with a better brain development.
Additional studies determined that children of mothers who drank wine during pregnancy have better cognitive skills and they are better developing until age 7.
The amount of wine, in this case, is actually very low. In all studies, mothers drank 1 glass of the beverage per week. Keep in mind that not a single study or a research recommends one glass of wine per day.
Zero-alcohol consumption during pregnancy
AAP (American Academy of Pediatrics) conducted a study in 2015, where they discovered that zero-policy alcohol use is highly recommended (2). They also determined that even smaller amounts of alcohol, including wine may be dangerous for a baby.
On the tests, babies developed defects and had poor mental health. However, all of this is based on common alcohol consumption, more than one glass per week. After the study was published, several associations were participating in commenting the results. Some of them encouraged the wine consumption during pregnancy, while others claimed it must be avoided at all cost.
The third party believed that it isn’t possible to determine is wine consumption safe or not. After all, there are no a lot of studies entirely focused on the amount of wine that should be or should be avoided while pregnant.
We won’t include heavy alcohol abuse here. It is obvious that it is bad and that it should be avoided.
Should you drink wine or avoid it while pregnant?
By now you should know that wine may be harmful to your baby. There are plenty of facts you should be aware of before going to take a glass and a bottle of wine. In general, wine isn’t dangerous for pregnant women, but only if it is consumed as little as possible.
One glass per week is safe and even rarer is safe as well. Keep in mind that consuming 1 glass per week, for a month is a safer alternative than consuming 4 glasses per month, at once. By doing this, you get a high amount of wine into your body, obviously. This can be treated as alcohol abuse, and we all know what does it mean.
Also, it is better to drink one glass of wine during a day, so you can remove alcohol more efficiently through a day than to drink it before going to bed. While asleep, your body will work much slower, meaning that your baby will be exposed to the wine for a longer period of time.
A separate thing you should know is that not all wines have the same amount of alcohol. Those that were preserved for a longer period of time generally have a higher percentage of alcohol, so they are more dangerous, especially in larger amounts.
If you are consuming certain medications or you are on a therapy, wine is definitely not an option, even the one with the lowest amount of alcohol. In those circumstances, make sure you contact your health care provider and get consultations. Important: Some medications must be not mixed with alcohol or they may cause severe health complications.
Other alternatives to cope with pregnancy
According to a survey, conducted in France, women tend to drink wine in order to be more relaxed after a hard day. They are under stress and anxiety most of a day, so they need something to relax. In other words, wine is first on the list when it comes to making you feel better.
Scientists recommend other alternatives. For example, pre-natal supplements are a great choice, but only if you are planning a pregnancy. If not, changing a diet can help you cope with nausea.Parental advice is another benefit as well. New parents who have this kind of education usually have less stress during the pregnancy. In addition, regular visitations to a doctor may have the same effect, especially for mothers.
When it comes to hormones, each mother will have to cope with them in her own way. Physical activity and once again, proper diet can make things easier. Try to get a better sleep in order to be more relaxed through the day. Also, learn how to cope with mood swings.
The final thought
Yes, one glass of wine per a week or even rarer is perfectly safe. Drinking more than that actually isn’t and should be avoided. There are better and safer alternatives to cope with the pregnancy issues. After all, wine isn’t very tasteful beverage, and it certainly isn’t alcohol-free. Remember that you shouldn’t drink more than a glass at once!